Turmeric is considered one of the most important Indian spices that have gained tremendous popularity in Western countries. The beneficial effects of turmeric have been well-described in the Vedas for more than 4000 years. Turmeric is a rhizomatous plant, yellow-colored, and belongs to the ginger family. The most common form of turmeric is the powder form, obtained after grinding the rhizome. It has several health benefits, owing to Curcumin, one of the bioactive components and active ingredients of turmeric that provides its unique properties. Here are the essential benefits of Turmeric:

  1. Anti-inflammatory: Inflammatory response to any foreign body or noxious stimulus helps combat the infection and is a crucial defense mechanism. Inflammation for a short duration helps build immunity; however, for a prolonged period can be damaging to the body’s overall systems. Chronic inflammation may impair the body’s defense mechanism and may lead to several degenerative conditions. The anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric boost immunity and help fight the infection in a better way.

  2. Antioxidant: Curcumin decreases oxidative stress by balancing the systemic markers and promoting antioxidant components, such as superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. Being a potential antioxidant, it scavenges the harmful free radicals from the system.

  3. Prevents cardiovascular problems: Maintains the activities of the heart, such as controls blood pressure, prevents cardiovascular problems, and enhances the motility of blood vessels. It targets the endothelial lining, which forms the inner framework of the heart and blood vessels. Hence, diseases such as stroke, excessive blood clotting, etc., are prevented due to their involvement in endothelial functions.

  4. Controls Diabetes: Studies have shown that curcumin plays a significant role in the management of diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. Therefore, it regulates blood sugar levels by increasing insulin hormones.

  5. Anti-Depressant: Turmeric has shown beneficial effects associated with brain functions, as it is believed to improve neural response and connections. Additionally, it enhances the production of several neurotrophic factors such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), serotonin, and dopamine, the molecules that play a crucial role in managing depression.

  6. Improves brain activities: The deficiency of BDNF is identified in several age-related conditions, including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Turmeric increases the levels of BDNF, which in turn helps to maintain neural connection and regulate nerve cell multiplication, preventing damage to the brain as age progresses.

  7. Improves skin’s condition: Turmeric and its active component curcumin help to boost the skin’s health and structure. It helps prevent acne, psoriasis, and dermatitis due to its antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties.

  8. Management of Osteoarthritis: Turmeric helps to improve joint flexibility, reduces the pain, swelling, and stiffness of the joints. It has been shown to decrease inflammation in arthritis patients effectively.

  9. Improves Digestion: Turmeric helps improve digestion and maintain a balance of gut microflora, considered a digestive medicine in Ayurveda. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects promote digestion.

  10. Anti- Allergic: Turmeric and curcumin have anti-allergic properties, commonly reduce symptoms, as observed in hay fever and asthma. It helps prevent sneezing, congestion, breathlessness, and runny nose in patients who suffer from allergic conditions.

Turmeric is a natural herbal medicine that has gained recognition worldwide due to its beneficial properties. It is an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial and helps to boost immunity by fighting against infections. Studies have shown it to be of great help in several medical conditions such as arthritis, allergic conditions, cardiovascular problems, neurodegenerative disorders (Alzheimer and Parkinson), psoriasis, and dermatitis. There are no side effects compared to allopathic medicines, which makes them useful in alternative medicine. There are different turmeric supplements currently available in the market, such as liquid, powder, capsules, gummies, and more. It is well-tolerated and is safe to be included in one’s diet.